Accounts Receivable Financing:

Capital is essential to a business's growth. Without this resource, it may be an uphill battle, even for the company to survive. Conversely, India's financial marketplace has evolved into a position wherein it can aid entrepreneurs with a capital injection with an abundance of funding options. An entrepreneur can opt for a particular financing method depending on the business’s unique requirements. One of the growing preferences for short term loans is "Accounts Receivable Funding."

What is Accounts Receivable Financing?

Also known as accounts receivable funding, this is a type of funding wherein capital can be obtained by leveraging a company's outstanding invoices. An accounts receivable loan is a short term financing option where the tenure is generally between 30 – 90 days. 

Since they are considered liquid assets, the value of an unpaid invoice translates to its theoretical value to investors. Nevertheless, many companies perceive them to be a liability as collections can be made only in the future. However, modern-day financing flips the script by allowing businesses to utilise unpaid invoices as an asset that can truly help in business growth and expansion.

What are the 3 Primary Types of Accounts Receivables Financing?

The three primary types of accounts receivables financing are:-

  • Traditional Factoring – This is a type of accounts receivable loan wherein a business turns over unpaid invoices to a factoring company. The business gets 70 – 90% of the accounts receivable, which the factoring company itself collects from the vendor. The factoring company pays the business after deducting a certain fee. 
  • Selective Receivables Financing – In this type of accounts receivable financing, the funding company allows a business to choose which invoice to present for funding. The rate of interest is generally lower than alternative options.
  • Asset-based Lending – This is a process where accounts receivable funding companies provide a line of credit to businesses against equipment, property, or inventory. This funding is relatively easy as it involves assets as collateral.

How Does It Work?

It is generally a 6 step process, as demonstrated below.

  • Account setup and due diligence – Due diligence allows accounts receivable funding companies to determine if a business is eligible for making use of the service. A company buying accounts receivable typically has a stringent approval process. They scrutinise a business on the credit quality of clients, ageing reports of the receivables, corporate payment taxes, etc.
  • Getting invoices ready – Once the account is set up, a business has to select the vendor and receivables that will be financed. The invoice is then submitted through a secure website along with the required documentation.
  • Verification – The account receivable funding company verifies the invoice, ascertaining the accuracy of the details, and that they are in fact due within tenure specified.
  • Buying accounts receivable – The funding company then purchases part of the account receivable depending. The time to disburse the amount varies from companies. KerdX disburses the amount within 72 hours of approval.
  • Settlement – Within 30 – 90 days of disbursal, the vendor will make payments directly to the financing company. They will then pay the business after deducting the stipulated fees.
  • On-going cycle – For most businesses, this is an on-going cycle as a regular capital injection is required for the smooth operation of a business.

FAQs on Business Loan:

A. Since money is due to come into the business, it is considered an asset. Therefore, it is a debit transaction in the book of accounts.